Galerie des ancêtres

Jean Baptiste Biot (1774 - 1862) was born in Paris . A student at “Ecole Polytechnique” and then at “Ecole des Ponts et Chaussées,” J-B Biot made a brilliant career as a professor and physicist:

  • in 1797 he is professor at the ”Ecole Centrale de Beauvais”.
  • in 1800 he is professor of physics at the “College de France”.
  • in 1803 he is elected to the Academy of Sciences and begins working at the Paris Observatory in the Office of Longitudes.
  • in 1806 he goes to Spain with F. Arago to continue work on the triangulation of the meridian.
  • in 1809 he is professor of astronomical physics at the “Faculté des Sciences de Paris.”


Baron Joseph FOURIER (1768 – 1830)  Famous mathematician and physicist.
Born in 1768 in Auxerre. His father was a tailor. Died in Paris at the age of 62.

  • Studies at the Benedictine abbey of “Saint Benoit sur Loire” and forced to leave before taking his vows because of the French Revolution.
  • At 16 and half years old, teaches mathematics at the military school of Auxerre
  • At the end of 1794 he joined the just-created “Ecole Normale” in Paris, and soon after at the end of 1795 becomes one of the first professors of the “Ecole Polytechnique” where he is named chair of algebraic analysis.
  • In 1796, he takes part in Bonaparte’s Egyptian expedition, where he is named French superintendent to the Sultan.
  • In 1802, he is named Prefect of Isère and moves to Grenoble.
  • In 1816, he is elected to the Academy of Sciences but is refused by King
  • Louis XVIII.
  • Re-elected in 1817, he is finally accepted by the king and soon after (1823)
  • becomes Perpetual Secretary for the Mathematical Sciences.
  • In 1826, he enters the “Académie Française”.
Pierre Louis DULONG (1785-1838 )
  • Born in Rouen in 1785, died in Paris in 1838.
  • Enters “Ecole Polytechnique” at the age of 16 and completes his studies there.
  • “Maître de Conférence” at “Ecole Normale ”.
  • Director of Education at “Ecole Polytechnique”(1830).
  • Professor of chemistry at the University of Sciences of Paris (1832).

Sadi CARNOT (1796-1832 )

Pierre VERNOTTE (1898-1970 )
  • Graduates in 1917 from “Ecole Normale Supérieure.”
  • In 1921 begins working under contract in the Physics Laboratory of Aeronautic Technical Services, which belongs to the Air Force Ministry.
  • In 1924 he succeeds Jean Villey as director of the laboratory, and holds this post until the laboratory is closed in 1934 by the Air Force Ministry. This closing will have a strong impact on Pierre Vernotte.
  • In 1926 he decides against a university career and becomes an engineer for the Aeronautics Corps. Later, in 1952, he will become Engineer General of the Air Force.
  • From 1927 he is responsible for the collaboration between universities and the Air Force Ministry in the field of aeronautic research. His work in this domain will be essential to the development of several institutes and laboratories.
  • n 1941 he is named Director of Scientific and Technical Publications of the Air Force Ministry which, under his direction, becomes a collection of superior scientific quality and is highly appreciated in the field.


Marcel VERON (1900-1984 )
  • Graduated from the “Ecole Centrale de Paris” in 1922.
  • Consulting Engineer at Babcock and Wilcox and others companies.
  • Professor of industrial physics at the “Ecole Centrale de Paris” from 1931 to 1972.
  • Professor of industrial heating at the “Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers” from 1941 to 1954.
  • Professor and chair of “Thermique Industrielle”(Thermal Engineering) at the “Conservatoire National des Arts and Métiers”
    from 1954 to 1972.

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